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India census reveals rapid rise in TV, mobile ownership

Over 75% of India’s urban households now own a TV set, compared with just one third of rural homes, according to 2011 Census figures released by the registrar general of India on Tuesday (13 March).

TV penetration is highest in Delhi (88%), followed by Tamil Nadu (87%), Punjab, Chandigarh and Puducherry. Bihar has the lowest TV penetration of any state at just 15%.

The number of households having either a mobile or fixed telephone connection also jumped to 63.2% in the 2011 census, compared to just 9.1% in 2001.

Of the 63.2%, 53% own only a mobile phone, while 6% owned both a landline and a mobile phone. Over half of rural households and 81% of urban households now own a mobile phone.

This figure rises to 91% in Delhi – of which 68% are mobile connections - and 90% in Candigarh.

The 2011 Census also reveals just 9.4% of households in the country have either a laptop or a computer and only 3% of these homes have an Internet connection. While 20% of urban households and 5% of rural households now own a computer or laptop, just 1% of rural Indian households own a computer with Internet.

Computer-owning households reached 29% in Delhi, with 17% connected to the Internet. The rate in Chandigarh was higher, with 33.2% of homes having a laptop or PC, and 18.8% of these being online.

The states of Karnataka (12.8%) and Andhra Pradesh (8.4%) reported less computers at home, with just 2.6% of households in Andhra Pradesh having an Internet connection.

In total, a sixth of the country, equating to 200 million Indians, still do not posses a radio or TV, phone, or computer or vehicle.

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